Posts tagged ‘research career’

Genome editing

  1. Knight SC, Xie L, Deng W, Guglielmi B, Witkowsky LB, Bosanac L, Zhang ET, El Beheiry M, Masson JB, Dahan M, Liu Z, Doudna JA, Tjian R. Dynamics of CRISPR-Cas9 genome interrogation in living cells. Science. 2015 Nov 13;350(6262):823-6. doi: 10.1126/science.aac6572. PubMed PMID: 26564855.
  2. Kiani S, Chavez A, Tuttle M, Hall RN, Chari R, Ter-Ovanesyan D, Qian J, Pruitt BW, Beal J, Vora S, Buchthal J, Kowal EJ, Ebrahimkhani MR, Collins JJ, Weiss R, Church G. Cas9 gRNA engineering for genome editing, activation and repression. Nat Methods. 2015 Nov;12(11):1051-4. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.3580. Epub 2015 Sep 7. PubMed PMID: 26344044.
  3. Reardon S. Leukaemia success heralds wave of gene-editing therapies. Nature. 2015 Nov 12;527(7577):146-7. doi: 10.1038/nature.2015.18737. PubMed PMID: 26560278.
  4. Mathews DJ, Lovell-Badge R, Chan S, Donovan PJ, Douglas T, Gyngell C, Harris J, Regenberg A. CRISPR: A path through the thicket. Nature. 2015 Nov 12;527(7577):159-61. doi: 10.1038/527159a. PubMed PMID: 26560284.
  5. Canver MC, Smith EC, Sher F, Pinello L, Sanjana NE, Shalem O, Chen DD, Schupp PG, Vinjamur DS, Garcia SP, Luc S, Kurita R, Nakamura Y, Fujiwara Y, Maeda T, Yuan GC, Zhang F, Orkin SH, Bauer DE. BCL11A enhancer dissection by Cas9-mediated in situ saturating mutagenesis. Nature. 2015 Sep 16.
  6. Weber J, Öllinger R, Friedrich M, Ehmer U, Barenboim M, Steiger K, Heid I, Mueller S, Maresch R, Engleitner T, Gross N, Geumann U, Fu B, Segler A, Yuan D, Lange S, Strong A, de la Rosa J, Esposito I, Liu P, Cadiñanos J, Vassiliou GS, Schmid RM, Schneider G, Unger K, Yang F, Braren R, Heikenwälder M, Varela I, Saur D, Bradley A, Rad R. CRISPR/Cas9 somatic multiplex-mutagenesis for high-throughput functional cancer genomics in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Oct 27. pii: 201512392. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26508638.
  7. Carroll D, Charo RA. The societal opportunities and challenges of genome editing. Genome Biol. 2015 Nov 5;16(1):242.
  8. Ma E, Harrington LB, O’Connell MR, Zhou K, Doudna JA. Single-Stranded DNA Cleavage by Divergent CRISPR-Cas9 Enzymes. Mol Cell. 2015 Nov 5;60(3):398-407.
  9. Zetsche B, Gootenberg JS, Abudayyeh OO, Slaymaker IM, Makarova KS,
    Essletzbichler P, Volz SE, Joung J, van der Oost J, Regev A, Koonin EV, Zhang F.  Cpf1 Is a Single RNA-Guided Endonuclease of a Class 2 CRISPR-Cas System. Cell. 2015 Sep 23. pii: S0092-8674(15)01200-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.09.038. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26422227.
  10. Carrington B, Varshney GK, Burgess SM, Sood R. CRISPR-STAT: an easy and reliable PCR-based method to evaluate target-specific sgRNA activity. Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Aug 7. pii: gkv802. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26253739.
  11. Varshney GK, Pei W, LaFave MC, Idol J, Xu L, Gallardo V, Carrington B, Bishop K, Jones M, Li M, Harper U, Huang SC, Prakash A, Chen W, Sood R, Ledin J, Burgess SM. High-throughput gene targeting and phenotyping in zebrafish using CRISPR/Cas9. Genome Res. 2015 Jul;25(7):1030-42. doi: 10.1101/gr.186379.114. Epub 2015 Jun 5. PubMed PMID: 26048245; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4484386.
  12. Bachu R, Bergareche I, Chasin LA. CRISPR-Cas targeted plasmid integration into mammalian cells via non-homologous end joining. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2015 May 5. doi: 10.1002/bit.25629. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25943095.

Genomics

  1. Grün D, van Oudenaarden A. Design and Analysis of Single-Cell Sequencing Experiments. Cell. 2015 Nov 5;163(4):799-810. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.10.039. Review. PubMed PMID: 26544934.
  2. Duttke SH, Lacadie SA, Ibrahim MM, Glass CK, Corcoran DL, Benner C, Heinz S, Kadonaga JT, Ohler U. Human promoters are intrinsically directional. Mol Cell. 2015 Feb 19;57(4):674-84.
  3. Spisák S, Lawrenson K, Fu Y, Csabai I, Cottman RT, Seo JH, Haiman C, Han Y, Lenci R, Li Q, Tisza V, Szállási Z, Herbert ZT, Chabot M, Pomerantz M, Solymosi N; GAME-ON/ELLIPSE Consortium, Gayther SA, Joung JK, Freedman ML. CAUSEL: an epigenome- and genome-editing pipeline for establishing function of noncoding GWAS variants. Nat Med. 2015 Sep 23. doi: 10.1038/nm.3975. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26398868.
  4. Sudmant PH, Rausch T, Gardner EJ, Handsaker RE, Abyzov A, Huddleston J, Zhang Y, Ye K, Jun G, Hsi-Yang Fritz M, Konkel MK, Malhotra A, Stütz AM, Shi X, Paolo Casale F, Chen J, Hormozdiari F, Dayama G, Chen K, Malig M, Chaisson MJ, Walter K, Meiers S, Kashin S, Garrison E, Auton A, Lam HY, Jasmine Mu X, Alkan C, Antaki D, Bae T, Cerveira E, Chines P, Chong Z, Clarke L, Dal E, Ding L, Emery S, Fan X, Gujral M, Kahveci F, Kidd JM, Kong Y, Lameijer EW, McCarthy S, Flicek P, Gibbs RA, Marth G, Mason CE, Menelaou A, Muzny DM, Nelson BJ, Noor A, Parrish NF, Pendleton M, Quitadamo A, Raeder B, Schadt EE, Romanovitch M, Schlattl A, Sebra R, Shabalin AA, Untergasser A, Walker JA, Wang M, Yu F, Zhang C, Zhang J, Zheng-Bradley X, Zhou W, Zichner T, Sebat J, Batzer MA, McCarroll SA; 1000 Genomes Project Consortium, Mills RE, Gerstein MB, Bashir A, Stegle O, Devine SE, Lee C, Eichler EE, Korbel JO. An integrated map of structural variation in 2,504 human genomes. Nature. 2015 Oct 1;526(7571):75-81. doi: 10.1038/nature15394.PubMed PMID: 26432246; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4617611.
  5. Cho MK. Preventive Genomic Sequencing in the General Population: Do PGS Fly? Am J Bioeth. 2015 Jul;15(7):1-2. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2015.1054160. PubMed PMID: 26147253.

Science Magazine Special Issue—Hunting Mutations, Targeting Disease

Statistics

  1. Lo A, Chernoff H, Zheng T, Lo SH. Why significant variables aren’t automatically good predictors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Oct 26. pii:201518285. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26504198.

Development

  1. Barsi JC, Tu Q, Calestani C, Davidson EH. Genome-wide assessment of differential effector gene use in embryogenesis. Development. 2015 Sep 28. pii: dev.127746. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26417044.
  2. Siklenka K, Erkek S, Godmann M, Lambrot R, McGraw S, Lafleur C, Cohen T, Xia J, Suderman M, Hallett M, Trasler J, Peters AH, Kimmins S. Disruption of histone methylation in developing sperm impairs offspring health transgenerationally. Science. 2015 Nov 6;350(6261):aab2006. doi: 10.1126/science.aab2006. Epub 2015 Oct 8. PubMed PMID: 26449473.

Stem cells

  1. Choi J, Lee S, Mallard W, Clement K, Tagliazucchi GM, Lim H, Choi IY, Ferrari F, Tsankov AM, Pop R, Lee G, Rinn JL, Meissner A, Park PJ, Hochedlinger K. A comparison of genetically matched cell lines reveals the equivalence of human iPSCs and ESCs. Nat Biotechnol. 2015 Nov;33(11):1173-1181.
  2. Firth AL, Menon T, Parker GS, Qualls SJ, Lewis BM, Ke E, Dargitz CT, Wright R, Khanna A, Gage FH, Verma IM. Functional Gene Correction for Cystic Fibrosis in Lung Epithelial Cells Generated from Patient iPSCs. Cell Rep. 2015 Aug 19. pii: S2211-1247(15)00852-9. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.07.062. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26299960.

Regeneration

  1. Ueki Y, Wilken MS, Cox KE, Chipman L, Jorstad N, Sternhagen K, Simic M, Ullom K, Nakafuku M, Reh TA. Transgenic expression of the proneural transcription factor Ascl1 in Müller glia stimulates retinal regeneration in young mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Oct 19. pii: 201510595. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26483457.

Retina/Photoreceptor

  1. Taylor SM, Alvarez-Delfin K, Saade CJ, Thomas JL, Thummel R, Fadool JM, Hitchcock PF. The bHLH Transcription Factor NeuroD Governs  Photoreceptor Genesis and Regeneration Through Delta-Notch Signaling. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Nov 1;56(12):7496-7515.
  2. Hernández-Bejarano M, Gestri G, Spawls L, Nieto-López F, Picker A, Tada M, Brand M, Bovolenta P, Wilson SW, Cavodeassi F. Opposing Shh and Fgf signals initiate nasotemporal patterning of the retina. Development. 2015 Oct 1. pii: dev.125120. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26428010.
  3. Tsujimura T, Masuda R, Ashino R, Kawamura S. Spatially differentiated
    expression of quadruplicated green-sensitive RH2 opsin genes in zebrafish is determined by proximal regulatory regions and gene order to the locus control region. BMC Genet. 2015 Nov 4;16(1):130.
  4. Boije H, Rulands S, Dudczig S, Simons BD, Harris WA. The Independent
    Probabilistic Firing of Transcription Factors: A Paradigm for Clonal Variability in the Zebrafish Retina. Dev Cell. 2015 Sep 2. pii: S1534-5807(15)00525-0.
  5. Chow RW, Almeida AD, Randlett O, Norden C, Harris WA. Inhibitory neuron migration and IPL formation in the developing zebrafish retina. Development. 2015 Jun 26. pii: dev.122473. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26116662.
  6. Ogawa Y, Shiraki T, Kojima D, Fukada Y. Homeobox transcription factor Six7 governs expression of green opsin genes in zebrafish. Proc Biol Sci. 2015 Aug 7;282(1812). pii: 20150659. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0659. PubMed PMID: 26180064.

Eye disease

  1. Zhao L, Chen XJ, Zhu J, Xi YB, Yang X, Hu LD, Ouyang H, Patel SH, Jin X, Lin D, Wu F, Flagg K, Cai H, Li G, Cao G, Lin Y, Chen D, Wen C, Chung C, Wang Y, Qiu A, Yeh E, Wang W, Hu X, Grob S, Abagyan R, Su Z, Tjondro HC, Zhao XJ, Luo H, Hou R, Perry JJ, Gao W, Kozak I, Granet D, Li Y, Sun X, Wang J, Zhang L, Liu Y, Yan YB, Zhang K. Lanosterol reverses protein aggregation in cataracts. Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):607-11. doi: 10.1038/nature14650. Epub 2015 Jul 22. Erratum in:  Nature. 2015 Oct 22;526(7574):595. PubMed PMID: 26200341.
  2. Makley LN, McMenimen KA, DeVree BT, Goldman JW, McGlasson BN, Rajagopal P, Dunyak BM, McQuade TJ, Thompson AD, Sunahara R, Klevit RE, Andley UP, Gestwicki JE. Pharmacological chaperone for α-crystallin partially restores transparency in cataract models. Science. 2015 Nov 6;350(6261):674-7. doi: 10.1126/science.aac9145. PubMed PMID: 26542570.
  3. Commentary: Quinlan RA. DRUG DISCOVERY. A new dawn for cataracts. Science. 2015 Nov 6;350(6261):636-7. doi: 10.1126/science.aad6303. PubMed PMID: 26542559.

Zebrafish

  1. Xu C, Volkery S, Siekmann AF. Intubation-based anesthesia for long-term time-lapse imaging of adult zebrafish. Nat Protoc. 2015 Dec;10(12):2064-2073.
  2. Pauli A, Montague TG, Lennox KA, Behlke MA, Schier AF. Antisense Oligonucleotide-Mediated Transcript Knockdown in Zebrafish. PLoS One. 2015 Oct 5;10(10):e0139504. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139504. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26436892; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4593562.

Research Career

  1. Jackson ST. Going where the science matters. Science. 2015 Oct
    30;350(6260):594. doi: 10.1126/science.350.6260.594. PubMed PMID: 26516284.

Medicine

  1. Henao-Restrepo AM, Longini IM, Egger M, Dean NE, Edmunds WJ, Camacho A, Carroll MW, Doumbia M, Draguez B, Duraffour S, Enwere G, Grais R, Gunther S, Hossmann S, Kondé MK, Kone S, Kuisma E, Levine MM, Mandal S, Norheim G, Riveros X, Soumah A, Trelle S, Vicari AS, Watson CH, Kéïta S, Kieny MP, Røttingen JA. Efficacy and effectiveness of an rVSV-vectored vaccine expressing Ebola surface glycoprotein: interim results from the Guinea ring vaccination cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 2015 Aug 29;386(9996):857-66. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61117-5. Epub 2015 Aug 3. PubMed PMID: 26248676.

Population Genetics

  1. Balaresque P, Poulet N, Cussat-Blanc S, Gerard P, Quintana-Murci L, Heyer E, Jobling MA. Y-chromosome descent clusters and male differential reproductive success: young lineage expansions dominate Asian pastoral nomadic populations. Eur J Hum Genet. 2015 Jan 14. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2014.285. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25585703.

Evolution

  1. Head JJ, Polly PD. Evolution of the snake body form reveals homoplasy in amniote Hox gene function. Nature. 2015 Jan 5. doi: 10.1038/nature14042. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25539083.
  2. Lewis SL, Maslin MA. Defining the anthropocene. Nature. 2015 Mar 12;519(7542):171-80. doi: 10.1038/nature14258. PubMed PMID: 25762280.

Research Career

  1. 10 things not enough kids know before going to college
  2. Powell K. The future of the postdoc. Nature. 2015 Apr 9;520(7546):144-7. doi: 10.1038/520144a. PubMed PMID: 25855437.
  3. Will declining funding stunt scientific discovery in the U.S.?
  4. Who Picks Up the Tab for Science?

Imaging

  1. Chen F, Tillberg PW, Boyden ES. Optical imaging. Expansion microscopy. Science. 2015 Jan 30;347(6221):543-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1260088. Epub 2015 Jan 15. PubMed PMID: 25592419; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4312537.

Medicine

  1. Leinenga G, Götz J. Scanning ultrasound removes amyloid-β and restores memory in an Alzheimer’s disease mouse model. Sci Transl Med. 2015 Mar 11;7(278):278ra33. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aaa2512. PubMed PMID: 25761889.
    1. New Alzheimer’s treatment fully restores memory function
  2. Kawchuk GN, Fryer J, Jaremko JL, Zeng H, Rowe L, Thompson R. Real-time visualization of joint cavitation. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 15;10(4):e0119470. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119470. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 25875374; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4398549.
  3. Ganna A, Ingelsson E. 5 year mortality predictors in 498 103 UK Biobank participants: a prospective population-based study. Lancet. 2015 Jun 2. pii: S0140-6736(15)60175-1. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60175-1. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26049253.

Medicine/Prosthetics

  1. Men have hands amputated and replaced with bionic ones
  2. Lab In Berkeley Accidentally Discovers Solution To Fix Color Blindness

Chemistry

  1. This Chemistry 3D Printer Can Synthesize Molecules From Scratch

Genomics

  1. Ji X, Dadon DB, Abraham BJ, Lee TI, Jaenisch R, Bradner JE, Young RA. Chromatin proteomic profiling reveals novel proteins associated with histone-marked genomic regions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Mar 9. pii: 201502971. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25755260.
  2. Chen KH, Boettiger AN, Moffitt JR, Wang S, Zhuang X. Spatially resolved, highly multiplexed RNA profiling in single cells. Science. 2015 Apr 9. pii: aaa6090. PubMed PMID: 25858977.

General

  1. Baden T, Chagas AM, Gage G, Marzullo T, Prieto-Godino LL, Euler T. Open labware: 3-d printing your own lab equipment. PLoS Biol. 2015 Mar 20;13(3):e1002086. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002086. eCollection 2015 Mar. PubMed PMID: 25794301.

Development

  1. Campbell PD, Chao JA, Singer RH, Marlow FL. Dynamic visualization of transcription and RNA subcellular localization in zebrafish. Development. 2015 Mar 10. pii: dev.118968. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25758462.
  2. Green JB, Sharpe J. Positional information and reaction-diffusion: two big ideas in developmental biology combine. Development. 2015 Apr 1;142(7):1203-1211. Review. PubMed PMID: 25804733.
  3. Wu F, Kaczynski TJ, Sethuramanujam S, Li R, Jain V, Slaughter M, Mu X. Two transcription factors, Pou4f2 and Isl1, are sufficient to specify the retinal ganglion cell fate. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Mar 16. pii: 201421535. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25775587.
  4. Nern A, Pfeiffer BD, Rubin GM. Optimized tools for multicolor stochastic labeling reveal diverse stereotyped cell arrangements in the fly visual system.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 May 11. pii: 201506763. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25964354.

Neuroscience

  1. Lichtman JW, Pfister H, Shavit N. The big data challenges of connectomics. Nat Neurosci. 2014 Nov;17(11):1448-54. doi: 10.1038/nn.3837. Epub 2014 Oct 28. Review. PubMed PMID: 25349911.
  2. Hayworth KJ, Xu CS, Lu Z, Knott GW, Fetter RD, Tapia JC, Lichtman JW, Hess HF.
    Ultrastructurally smooth thick partitioning and volume stitching for large-scale connectomics. Nat Methods. 2015 Apr;12(4):319-22. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.3292. Epub 2015 Feb 16. PubMed PMID: 25686390; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4382383.
  3. Madabhushi R, Gao F, Pfenning AR, Pan L, Yamakawa S, Seo J, Rueda R, Phan TX, Yamakawa H, Pao PC, Stott RT, Gjoneska E, Nott A, Cho S, Kellis M, Tsai LH. Activity-Induced DNA Breaks Govern the Expression of Neuronal Early-Response Genes. Cell. 2015 Jun 18;161(7):1592-605. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.05.032. Epub 2015 Jun 4. PubMed PMID: 26052046.

Genetics/Genome Editing

  1. Yin L, Maddison LA, Li M, Kara N, LaFave MC, Varshney GK, Burgess SM, Patton JG, Chen W. Multiplex Conditional Mutagenesis Using Transgenic Expression of Cas9 and sgRNAs. Genetics. 2015 Apr 8. pii: genetics.115.176917. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25855067.
  2. Gonzales AP, Yeh JR. Cas9-based genome editing in zebrafish. Methods Enzymol. 2014;546:377-413. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-801185-0.00018-0. PubMed PMID: 25398350.
  3. Shah AN, Davey CF, Whitebirch AC, Miller AC, Moens CB. Rapid reverse genetic screening using CRISPR in zebrafish. Nat Methods. 2015 Jun;12(6):535-40. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.3360. Epub 2015 Apr 13. PubMed PMID: 25867848.
  4. Dow LE, Fisher J, O’Rourke KP, Muley A, Kastenhuber ER, Livshits G, Tschaharganeh DF, Socci ND, Lowe SW. Inducible in vivo genome editing with CRISPR-Cas9. Nat Biotechnol. 2015 Apr;33(4):390-4. doi: 10.1038/nbt.3155. Epub 2015 Feb 18. PubMed PMID: 25690852; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4390466.

Nature’s special on “Challenges in irreproducible research”

Human Behaviour/Psychology

  1. Kramer AD, Guillory JE, Hancock JT. Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jun 17;111(24):8788-90. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1320040111. Epub 2014 Jun 2. PubMed PMID: 24889601.

Retinal development

  1. Hoon M, Okawa H, Della Santina L, Wong RO. Functional Architecture of the Retina: Development and Disease. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2014 Jun 28. pii: S1350-9462(14)00038-X. doi: 10.1016/j.preteyeres.2014.06.003. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 24984227.

Stem cells

  1. Ksander BR, Kolovou PE, Wilson BJ, Saab KR, Guo Q, Ma J, McGuire SP, Gregory MS, Vincent WJ, Perez VL, Cruz-Guilloty F, Kao WW, Call MK, Tucker BA, Zhan Q, Murphy GF, Lathrop KL, Alt C, Mortensen LJ, Lin CP, Zieske JD, Frank MH, Frank NY. ABCB5 is a limbal stem cell gene required for corneal development and repair. Nature. 2014 Jul 17;511(7509):353-7. doi: 10.1038/nature13426. Epub 2014 Jul 2. PubMed PMID: 25030174.
  2. Tsai SQ, Joung JK. What’s Changed with Genome Editing? Cell Stem Cell. 2014 Jul 3;15(1):3-4. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2014.06.017. PubMed PMID: 24996161.
  3. Veres A, Gosis BS, Ding Q, Collins R, Ragavendran A, Brand H, Erdin S, Talkowski ME, Musunuru K. Low Incidence of Off-Target Mutations in Individual CRISPR-Cas9 and TALEN Targeted Human Stem Cell Clones Detected by Whole-Genome Sequencing. Cell Stem Cell. 2014 Jul 3;15(1):27-30. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2014.04.020. PubMed PMID: 24996167; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4082799.
  4. Smith C, Gore A, Yan W, Abalde-Atristain L, Li Z, He C, Wang Y, Brodsky RA, Zhang K, Cheng L, Ye Z. Whole-Genome Sequencing Analysis Reveals High Specificity of CRISPR/Cas9 and TALEN-Based Genome Editing in Human iPSCs. Cell Stem Cell. 2014 Jul 3;15(1):12-3. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2014.06.011. PubMed PMID: 24996165.
  5. Suzuki K, Yu C, Qu J, Li M, Yao X, Yuan T, Goebl A, Tang S, Ren R, Aizawa E, Zhang F, Xu X, Soligalla RD, Chen F, Kim J, Kim NY, Liao HK, Benner C, Esteban CR, Jin Y, Liu GH, Li Y, Izpisua Belmonte JC. Targeted gene correction minimally impacts whole-genome mutational load in human-disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cell clones. Cell Stem Cell. 2014 Jul 3;15(1):31-6. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2014.06.016. PubMed PMID: 24996168.
  6. Kiskinis E, Sandoe J, Williams LA, Boulting GL, Moccia R, Wainger BJ, Han S, Peng T, Thams S, Mikkilineni S, Mellin C, Merkle FT, Davis-Dusenbery BN, Ziller M, Oakley D, Ichida J, Di Costanzo S, Atwater N, Maeder ML, Goodwin MJ, Nemesh J, Handsaker RE, Paull D, Noggle S, McCarroll SA, Joung JK, Woolf CJ, Brown RH, Eggan K. Pathways Disrupted in Human ALS Motor Neurons Identified through Genetic Correction of Mutant SOD1. Cell Stem Cell. 2014 Jun 5;14(6):781-95. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2014.03.004. Epub 2014 Apr 3. PubMed PMID: 24704492.

Eye disease treatment

  1. Jepson LH, Hottowy P, Weiner GA, Dabrowski W, Litke AM, Chichilnisky EJ. High-fidelity reproduction of spatiotemporal visual signals for retinal prosthesis. Neuron. 2014 Jul 2;83(1):87-92. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.04.044. Epub 2014 Jun 5. PubMed PMID: 24910077.
    • Trenholm S, Roska B. Cell-type-specific electric stimulation for vision restoration. Neuron. 2014 Jul 2;83(1):1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.06.012. PubMed PMID: 24991948.

Funding

  1. Resnick A. Systemic addiction to research funding. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 1;111(26):E2634. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1407369111. Epub 2014 Jun 11. PubMed PMID: 24920596.
  2. Alberts B, Kirschner MW, Tilghman S, Varmus H. Rescuing US biomedical research from its systemic flaws. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Apr 22;111(16):5773-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1404402111. Epub 2014 Apr 14. PubMed PMID: 24733905; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4000813.

Research Career

  1. Smaglik P. Employment: PhD overdrive. Nature. 2014 Jul 10;511(7508):255-6. PubMed PMID: 25013890.

Systems Biology

  1. Bruggner RV, Bodenmiller B, Dill DL, Tibshirani RJ, Nolan GP. Automated identification of stratifying signatures in cellular subpopulations. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 1;111(26):E2770-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1408792111. Epub 2014 Jun 16. PubMed PMID: 24979804.

Genomics/ Sequencing

  1. Lahens NF, Kavakli IH, Zhang R, Hayer K, Black MB, Dueck H, Pizarro A, Kim J, Irizarry R, Thomas RS, Grant GR, Hogenesch JB. IVT-seq reveals extreme bias in RNA-sequencing. Genome Biol. 2014 Jun 30;15(6):R86. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24981968.
  2. Tilgner H, Grubert F, Sharon D, Snyder MP. Defining a personal, allele-specific, and single-molecule long-read transcriptome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 8;111(27):9869-74. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1400447111. Epub 2014 Jun
    24. PubMed PMID: 24961374.

Genome editing

  1. Sheridan C. First CRISPR-Cas patent opens race to stake out intellectual property. Nat Biotechnol. 2014 Jul 8;32(7):599-601. doi: 10.1038/nbt0714-599. PubMed PMID: 25004207.
  2. Wu X, Scott DA, Kriz AJ, Chiu AC, Hsu PD, Dadon DB, Cheng AW, Trevino AE, Konermann S, Chen S, Jaenisch R, Zhang F, Sharp PA. Genome-wide binding of the CRISPR endonuclease Cas9 in mammalian cells. Nat Biotechnol. 2014 Jul;32(7):670-6. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2889. Epub 2014 Apr 20. PubMed PMID: 24752079.
  3. Kuscu C, Arslan S, Singh R, Thorpe J, Adli M. Genome-wide analysis reveals characteristics of off-target sites bound by the Cas9 endonuclease. Nat Biotechnol. 2014 Jul;32(7):677-83. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2916. Epub 2014 May 18. PubMed PMID: 24837660.
  4. Tsai SQ, Joung JK. What’s Changed with Genome Editing? Cell Stem Cell. 2014 Jul 3;15(1):3-4. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2014.06.017. PubMed PMID: 24996161.
  5. Veres A, Gosis BS, Ding Q, Collins R, Ragavendran A, Brand H, Erdin S, Talkowski ME, Musunuru K. Low Incidence of Off-Target Mutations in Individual CRISPR-Cas9 and TALEN Targeted Human Stem Cell Clones Detected by Whole-Genome Sequencing. Cell Stem Cell. 2014 Jul 3;15(1):27-30. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2014.04.020. PubMed PMID: 24996167; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4082799.
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Having a good science education is essential for all of us, because that trains one’s critical thinking; while asking a lot more students to join the field is a whole different issue. A number of factors comes into play for one to decide whether he would want to pursue this career, including one’s personality, dedication, and perhaps most importantly, financial status and career aspiration. As a teacher for many students who has spent a few more years than them and has gone through some of these thinking exercises, I believe it is rather important to let students know about the reality of the career path in research rather than telling them a rosy story and blindly motivating them. To me that is just like an academic Ponzi scheme.

Here is a great article “U.S. pushes for more scientists, but the jobs aren’t there” about the situation (once again), by Brian Vastag from the Washington Post:

That reality runs counter to messages sent by President Obama and the National Science Foundation and other influential groups, who in recent years have called for U.S. universities to churn out more scientists.

What worries me the most during the counseling of younger students, is that many think they study well, can get good grades and hence going to graduate school is a natural choice. My typical response is that “you don’t want to go to graduate school”. Don’t get me wrong. I am very enthusiastic in training students and motivate them about the excitements of scientific discoveries and thinking. However, I often see students, friends and colleagues who have good heart and can study well but ended up getting frustrated about the situation when they are a bit older and have more family obligations. I often give students a few analogies to help their planning.  Here is of them, compare pursuing research as a career to pursuing performing arts (or artists or TV stars, you get the idea) as a career. Don’t just look at the successful ones for inspiration and commit yourself to the path. Also look at the ones that have to struggle for survival. If you like that kind of sacrifice for you and your family and uncertainties for the career satisfaction, may be pursuing research as a career is good for you. In other words, pursuing research as a career requires not only the smartest minds, but also the strongest dedication and good financial flexibility. Unless there is a fundamental change in the system, research is not the career type that would give the stability that many may have perceived.