Posts tagged ‘cancer’

Molecular Biology

  1. Weingarten-Gabbay S, Elias-Kirma S, Nir R, Gritsenko AA, Stern-Ginossar N, Yakhini Z, Weinberger A, Segal E. Comparative genetics. Systematic discovery of cap-independent translation sequences in human and viral genomes. Science. 2016 Jan 15;351(6270). pii: aad4939. doi: 10.1126/science.aad4939. Epub 2016 Jan 14. PubMed PMID: 26816383.
  2. Bernecky C, Herzog F, Baumeister W, Plitzko JM, Cramer P. Structure of transcribing mammalian RNA polymerase II. Nature. 2016 Jan 20. doi: 10.1038/nature16482. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26789250.

Systems Biology

  1. Bartocci E, Lió P. Computational Modeling, Formal Analysis, and Tools for Systems Biology. PLoS Comput Biol. 2016 Jan 21;12(1):e1004591. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004591. eCollection 2016 Jan. Review. PubMed PMID: 26795950.

Neuroscience

  1. Oliveira RF, Simões JM, Teles MC, Oliveira CR, Becker JD, Lopes JS. Assessment of fight outcome is needed to activate socially driven transcriptional changes in the zebrafish brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jan 19. pii: 201514292. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26787876.
  2. Randlett O, Wee CL, Naumann EA, Nnaemeka O, Schoppik D, Fitzgerald JE, Portugues R, Lacoste AM, Riegler C, Engert F, Schier AF. Whole-brain activity mapping onto a zebrafish brain atlas. Nat Methods. 2015 Nov;12(11):1039-1046. Epub 2015 Sep 14. PubMed PMID: 26778924; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4710481.
  3. Liu Z, Li X, Zhang JT, Cai YJ, Cheng TL, Cheng C, Wang Y, Zhang CC, Nie YH, Chen ZF, Bian WJ, Zhang L, Xiao J, Lu B, Zhang YF, Zhang XD, Sang X, Wu JJ, Xu X, Xiong ZQ, Zhang F, Yu X, Gong N, Zhou WH, Sun Q, Qiu Z. Autism-like behaviours and germline transmission in transgenic monkeys overexpressing MeCP2. Nature. 2016 Jan 25. doi: 10.1038/nature16533. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26808898.
  4. Dunn TW, Gebhardt C, Naumann EA, Riegler C, Ahrens MB, Engert F, Del Bene F. Neural Circuits Underlying Visually Evoked Escapes in Larval Zebrafish. Neuron. 2016 Jan 19. pii: S0896-6273(15)01123-X. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2015.12.021. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26804997.

Genome editing

  1. Where genome editing is needed. Nat Genet. 2016 Jan 27;48(2):103. doi: 10.1038/ng.3505. PubMed PMID: 26813758.
  2. Huang S, Weigel D, Beachy RN, Li J. A proposed regulatory framework for genome-edited crops. Nat Genet. 2016 Jan 27;48(2):109-11. doi: 10.1038/ng.3484. PubMed PMID: 26813761.
  3. Kleinstiver BP, Pattanayak V, Prew MS, Tsai SQ, Nguyen NT, Zheng Z, Joung JK. High-fidelity CRISPR-Cas9 nucleases with no detectable genome-wide off-target effects. Nature. 2016 Jan 6. doi: 10.1038/nature16526. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26735016.
  4.  Slaymaker IM, Gao L, Zetsche B, Scott DA, Yan WX, Zhang F. Rationally engineered Cas9 nucleases with improved specificity. Science. 2016 Jan 1;351(6268):84-8. doi: 10.1126/science.aad5227. Epub 2015 Dec 1. PubMed PMID: 26628643; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4714946.
  5. Urnov F. Genome editing: The domestication of Cas9. Nature. 2016 Jan 28;529(7587):468-9. doi: 10.1038/529468a. PubMed PMID: 26819037.

Eye diseases

  1. Fritsche LG, et al., A large genome-wide association study of age-related macular degeneration highlights contributions of rare and common variants. Nat Genet. 2015 Dec 21. doi: 10.1038/ng.3448. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26691988.
  2. Saksens NT, Krebs MP, Schoenmaker-Koller FE, Hicks W, Yu M, Shi L, Rowe L, Collin GB, Charette JR, Letteboer SJ, Neveling K, van Moorsel TW, Abu-Ltaif S, De Baere E, Walraedt S, Banfi S, Simonelli F, Cremers FP, Boon CJ, Roepman R, Leroy BP, Peachey NS, Hoyng CB, Nishina PM, den Hollander AI. Mutations in CTNNA1 cause butterfly-shaped pigment dystrophy and perturbed retinal pigment epithelium integrity. Nat Genet. 2015 Dec 21. doi: 10.1038/ng.3474. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26691986.
  3. Bailey JN, et al., Genome-wide association analysis identifies TXNRD2, ATXN2 and FOXC1 as susceptibility loci for primary open-angle glaucoma. Nat Genet. 2016 Jan 11. doi: 10.1038/ng.3482. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26752265.

Development

  1. Rajagopal J, Stanger BZ. Plasticity in the Adult: How Should the Waddington Diagram Be Applied to Regenerating Tissues? Dev Cell. 2016 Jan 25;36(2):133-137. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2015.12.021. Review. PubMed PMID: 26812013.
  2. Stegmaier J, Amat F, Lemon WC, McDole K, Wan Y, Teodoro G, Mikut R, Keller PJ. Real-Time Three-Dimensional Cell Segmentation in Large-Scale Microscopy Data of Developing Embryos. Dev Cell. 2016 Jan 25;36(2):225-240. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2015.12.028. PubMed PMID: 26812020.
  3. Yamauchi Y, Riel JM, Ruthig VA, Ortega EA, Mitchell MJ, Ward MA. Two genes substitute for the mouse Y chromosome for spermatogenesis and reproduction. Science. 2016 Jan 29;351(6272):514-6. doi: 10.1126/science.aad1795. PubMed PMID: 26823431.
  4. Quan XJ, Yuan L, Tiberi L, Claeys A, De Geest N, Yan J, van der Kant R, Xie WR, Klisch TJ, Shymkowitz J, Rousseau F, Bollen M, Beullens M, Zoghbi HY, Vanderhaeghen P, Hassan BA. Post-translational Control of the Temporal Dynamics of Transcription Factor Activity Regulates Neurogenesis. Cell. 2016 Jan 28;164(3):460-75. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.12.048. PubMed PMID: 26824657.

Disease

  1. Kaufman CK, Mosimann C, Fan ZP, Yang S, Thomas AJ, Ablain J, Tan JL, Fogley RD, van Rooijen E, Hagedorn EJ, Ciarlo C, White RM, Matos DA, Puller AC, Santoriello C, Liao EC, Young RA, Zon LI. A zebrafish melanoma model reveals emergence of neural crest identity during melanoma initiation. Science. 2016 Jan 29;351(6272):aad2197. doi: 10.1126/science.aad2197. Epub 2016 Jan 28. PubMed PMID: 26823433.
 

Cancer

  1. Tomasetti C, Vogelstein B. Cancer etiology. Variation in cancer risk among tissues can be explained by the number of stem cell divisions. Science. 2015 Jan 2;347(6217):78-81. doi: 10.1126/science.1260825. PubMed PMID: 25554788.

Zebrafish

  1. Kok FO, Shin M, Ni CW, Gupta A, Grosse AS, van Impel A, Kirchmaier BC, Peterson-Maduro J, Kourkoulis G, Male I, DeSantis DF, Sheppard-Tindell S, Ebarasi L, Betsholtz C, Schulte-Merker S, Wolfe SA, Lawson ND. Reverse Genetic Screening Reveals Poor Correlation between Morpholino-Induced and Mutant Phenotypes in Zebrafish. Dev Cell. 2015 Jan 12;32(1):97-108. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2014.11.018. Epub 2014 Dec 18. PubMed PMID: 25533206.

Imaging

  1. Callaway E. Blown-up brains reveal nanoscale details. Nature. 2015 Jan 15;517(7534):254. doi: 10.1038/nature.2015.16667. PubMed PMID: 25592513.

Genetics

  1. Gurdasani D, Carstensen T, Tekola-Ayele F, Pagani L, Tachmazidou I, Hatzikotoulas K, Karthikeyan S, Iles L, Pollard MO, Choudhury A, Ritchie GR, Xue Y, Asimit J, Nsubuga RN, Young EH, Pomilla C, Kivinen K, Rockett K, Kamali A, Doumatey AP, Asiki G, Seeley J, Sisay-Joof F, Jallow M, Tollman S, Mekonnen E, Ekong R, Oljira T, Bradman N, Bojang K, Ramsay M, Adeyemo A, Bekele E, Motala A, Norris SA, Pirie F, Kaleebu P, Kwiatkowski D, Tyler-Smith C, Rotimi C, Zeggini E, Sandhu MS. The African Genome Variation Project shapes medical genetics in Africa. Nature. 2015 Jan 15;517(7534):327-32. doi: 10.1038/nature13997. Epub 2014 Dec 3. PubMed PMID: 25470054; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4297536.
  2. Jens M, Rajewsky N. Competition between target sites of regulators shapes post-transcriptional gene regulation. Nat Rev Genet. 2015 Feb;16(2):113-26. doi: 10.1038/nrg3853. Epub 2014 Dec 9. PubMed PMID: 25488579.
  3. Ritchie MD, Holzinger ER, Li R, Pendergrass SA, Kim D. Methods of integrating data to uncover genotype-phenotype interactions. Nat Rev Genet. 2015 Feb;16(2):85-97. doi: 10.1038/nrg3868. Epub 2015 Jan 13. PubMed PMID: 25582081.

Genome-editing

  1. Zalatan JG, Lee ME, Almeida R, Gilbert LA, Whitehead EH, La Russa M, Tsai JC, Weissman JS, Dueber JE, Qi LS, Lim WA. Engineering Complex Synthetic Transcriptional Programs with CRISPR RNA Scaffolds. Cell. 2015 Jan 15;160(1-2):339-50. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.11.052. Epub 2014 Dec 18. PubMed PMID: 25533786; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4297522.

Development

  1. Singh AP, Nüsslein-Volhard C. Zebrafish Stripes as a Model for Vertebrate Colour Pattern Formation. Curr Biol. 2015 Jan 19;25(2):R81-R92. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.11.013. Review. PubMed PMID: 25602311.
  2. Hiscock TW, Megason SG. Mathematically guided approaches to distinguish models of periodic patterning. Development. 2015 Feb 1;142(3):409-419. Review. PubMed PMID: 25605777; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4302999.

People with Down’s syndrome rarely get most kinds of cancer and U.S. researchers have nailed down one reason why — they have extra copies of a gene that helps keep tumors from feeding themselves.

….

“One such gene is Down’s syndrome candidate region-1 (DSCR1, also known as RCAN1),” Harvard’s Sandra Ryeom and colleagues wrote.

This gene codes for a protein that suppresses vascular endothelial growth factor or VEGF — one of the compounds necessary for angiogenesis.

References:

Down’s syndrome reveals one key to fighting cancer [Reuter]

Baek KH, Zaslavsky A, Lynch RC, Britt C, Okada Y, Siarey RJ, Lensch MW, Park IH, Yoon SS, Minami T, Korenberg JR, Folkman J, Daley GQ, Aird WC, Galdzicki Z, Ryeom S. Down’s syndrome suppression of tumour growth and the role of the calcineurin inhibitor DSCR1. Nature. 2009 May 20. [PubMed][Nature]